What is a tooth crown?
It literally means the part of the tooth that appears on the gum. The goal of the dentist is to restore the lost visual and functional qualities to the tooth array with an artificial crown when the natural tooth crown is damaged or does not offer the desired aesthetics to the patient. To perform this treatment, the dentist minimally reduces the natural tooth to be crowned and prepares it for crown treatment.
The produced dental crown is a fixed prosthesis and is prepared in the laboratory as an exact replica of the natural tooth. It is permanently cemented to the natural tooth or permanently placed over an implant screw that replaces a missing tooth root.
In Aesthway clinics, the shape and color of the crown are selected by our dentists and patients to perfectly match the patient's own teeth.
When and why do teeth need crowns?
Teeth can be severely damaged by decay and trauma. This serious damage causes not only the loss of aesthetics that will complete your smile but also the loss of phonation and chewing function. It is also possible that after root canal treatment, discoloration of the natural teeth or loss of tooth tissue may occur.
If the examination shows that the health of the tooth root is sufficient for a new crown, tooth extraction is not necessary even after severe crown damage. The tooth can be restored to full function with a new dental crown. Dental crowns are also used when it is necessary to regain the tooth lost after implant treatment.
Does an artificial tooth crown or veneer have a natural appearance?
Each new crown is carefully matched in shape and color to the other teeth. Several factors are important when choosing the color shade: the lighting of the room in which the shade is to be selected (if possible it should be daylight), the age of the patient, the shape of the face, the color of the neighboring teeth if present, skin tone, hair color and even eye color.
Thanks to the modern dental materials in our Aesthway laboratories, crowns are more similar to real teeth in terms of color, hardness and translucency than ever before. Perfectly made, state-of-the-art artificial crowns should convince the patient at the first smile.
How many appointments are required for a tooth crown and how does the process work?
After the necessary examinations have been carried out and the X-ray images have been analyzed, the treatment plan is reviewed and explained to the patient and the patient is informed about how many teeth will be crowned as a result of the patient's complaints.
Patients usually need to visit the dental practice twice for dental crowns. At the first appointment, the dentist prepares the teeth, takes impressions of the jaws, and places a temporary dental crown until the next appointment. At the second appointment, the fit of the crown, gum harmony and smile aesthetics are checked. It is then permanently placed on the natural tooth or implant.
The manufacturing process of the crowns varies from case to case and takes approximately four to seven working days. In some cases, it is also possible in our modern dental clinics to complete and directly place the crowns in a single session with the help of an intraoral scanner and a CEREC device (Ceramic Reconstruction), i.e. CAD/CAM technology.
What materials are tooth crowns and veneers made of?
The disadvantages of metal substructure in modern dentistry, such as corrosion properties and additional space thickness in restorations, have led researchers to search for metal-free ceramics.
In recent years, ceramic-based full porcelain crowns that offer the same durability to the teeth are preferred instead of metal-supported crowns.
As a result of research, no other material has been able to replace porcelain or ceramic in terms of light transmittance and compatibility with soft tissues.
Porcelain types used in our Aesthway clinics;
- E-max ceramic crowns that stand out with their durability and aesthetic appearance,
- Zirconium-based ceramic crowns, which are considered more robust than other ceramic types, biocompatible and more preferred in multiple coatings,
- Laminate Veneer ceramic or E-max Laminate are leaf porcelains that allow treatment by reducing only a part of the teeth, not circumferentially, and sometimes provide the desired aesthetic result without reducing the teeth at all.
Our dentists will recommend the most suitable material for you, taking into account the condition of your tooth (e.g. degree of stress on the tooth) and your economic possibilities.
Is there any pain during tooth crown treatment?
The reduction, i.e. preparation of the natural tooth is carried out under local anesthesia and is painless. If you have any concerns, you can contact our doctors for a free consultation and alternative anesthetic interventions.
Is there any pain after tooth crown treatment?
After tooth reduction or preparation, it should always be considered a possibility that some teeth may be sensitive to cold for the first few days after the anesthesia wears off. This is not a complication, but an adaptation process and is temporary.
Do crowns and veneers damage natural teeth?
In Aesthway, teeth are reduced by experienced dentists with millimetric adjustments.
Veneers are produced from materials with proven long-term success and by our experienced technicians. The veneers are bonded under sterilization parameters, in dryness in accordance with cementation rules and with quality materials. On tooth surfaces that are not carefully prepared and on veneers that are not bonded under appropriate conditions, bacteria can colonize the contact points between the tooth and the veneer. This can lead to caries and other dental diseases caused by microbes. The patient's oral care after treatment also plays a major role in this regard.
Does a crown or veneer make the tooth stronger?
Dental crowns protect the damaged tooth as well as the natural enamel. The new crown acts like a protective cap and makes the tooth fully functional and strong again. With an artificial tooth crown, the tooth structure becomes complete and aesthetic again and the patient can bite to his heart's content with his new tooth. Dental crowns are permanently bonded to the natural tooth or placed on implants that replace the tooth root. They can only be removed again by the dentist.
What should patients who have crowns or veneers pay attention to?
- For the longest possible durability, the dental crown should be brushed with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day. The spaces between the teeth should also be cleaned; floss or interdental brushes can be used for this purpose.
- You should avoid chewing very hard foods that can damage your crown. For example, the shells of walnuts, hazelnuts, etc. should not be broken.
- If you grind your teeth while sleeping, protect your crowns and natural teeth from excessive pressure and ask your dentist for an occlusal splint for the night.
- Have your teeth and crowns checked by your dentist twice a year and have a professional dental cleaning.
Are tooth crowns and veneers permanent?
Dental crowns are permanent as long as oral care and dental check-ups are performed regularly. The compatibility of the crowns with the surrounding tissues also supports this process.
Old crowns that are not compatible with the gums and teeth or that have lost their harmony over time may need to be removed and redone. Therefore, it is important that they are applied by an experienced dentist. Meet the Aesthway family for more detailed information!